Abdomen - swollen 10/14/2012
Swollen belly; Swelling in the abdomen; Abdominal distention; Distended abdomen Common Causes: Abdominal swelling, or distention, is more often caused by overeating than by a serious illness. This problem can be caused by: Air swallowing (a nervous habit) Buildup of fluid in the abdomen (this can be a sign of a serious medical problem) Gas in the intestines from eating foods that are high in fiber (such as fruits and vegetables) Irritable bowel syndrome Lactose intolerance Ovarian cyst Partial bowel blockage Pregnancy Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) Uterine fibroids Weight gain Home Care: A swollen abdomen that is caused by eating a heavy meal will go away when you digest the food.
Abdominal bloating 04/17/2012
Bloating; Meteorism Considerations: Common Causes: Common causes include: Air swallowing (a nervous habit) Constipation Gastroesophageal reflux Irritable bowel syndrome Lactose intolerance and other food intolerances Overeating Small bowel bacterial overgrowth Weight gain The diabetes medication acarbose, as well as any medicine containing lactulose or sorbitol, may cause bloating.
Abdominal mass 10/14/2012
Mass in the abdomen Considerations: An abdominal mass is usually found during a routine physical examination . Most of the time the mass develops slowly. You may not be able to feel the mass. Finding where the pain occurs helps the doctor make a diagnosis. For example, the abdomen is usually divided into four areas: Right-upper quadrant Left-upper quadrant Right-lower quadrant Left-lower quadrant Other terms used to find the location of abdominal pain or masses include: Epigastric -- center of the abdomen just below the rib cage Periumbilical -- area around the bellybutton The location of the mass and its firmness, texture, and other qualities can provide clues to its cause.
Abdominal pain 07/16/2011
Stomach pain; Pain - abdomen; Belly ache; Abdominal cramps; Bellyache; Stomachache Considerations: Almost everyone has pain in the abdomen at one time or another. Most of the time, it is not caused by a serious medical problem. How bad your pain is does not always reflect the seriousness of the condition causing the pain.
Abdominal rigidity 10/14/2012
Rigidity of the abdomen Considerations: When there is a sore area inside the belly or abdomen, the pain will get worse when a hand presses against your belly area. Your fear or nervousness about being touched (palpated) may cause this symptom, but there should be no pain. If you have pain when you are touched and you tighten the muscles to "guard" against more pain, it is more likely caused by a physical condition inside your body.
Alertness - decreased 04/03/2011
Stuporous; Mental status - decreased; Loss of alertness; Decreased consciousness; Changes in consciousness; Obtundation; Coma; Unresponsiveness Common Causes: Many conditions can cause decreased alertness, including: Chronic kidney disease Extreme tiredness or lack of sleep High blood sugar or low blood sugar Infection that is severe or involves the brain Liver failure Thyroid conditions that cause low thyroid hormone levels or very high thyroid hormone levels Brain disorders or injury, such as: Dementia or Alzheimer's disease Head trauma Seizure Stroke Injury or accidents, such as: Diving accidents and near drowning Heat stroke Very low body temperature ( hypothermia ) Heart or breathing problems, such as: Abnormal heart rhythm ( arrhythmia ) Lack of oxygen ( hypoxia ) from any cause Low blood pressure (hypotension) Low sodium levels in the blood Severe heart failure Severe lung diseases Very high blood pressure Toxins and drugs, such as: Alcohol abuse (binge drinking or damage from long-term alcohol use) Exposure to heavy metals, hydrocarbons, or toxic gases Overuse of drugs such as opiates, narcotics, sedatives, and anti-anxiety or seizure medications Side effect of almost any medicine, such as those used to treat seizures, depression, psychosis, and other illnesses Home Care: Get medical help for any decrease in consciousness, even when it is due to alcohol intoxication , fainting , or a seizure disorder that has already been diagnosed.
Ankle pain 02/19/2011
Pain - ankle; Sprain - ankle; Ankle sprain Common Causes: Ankle pain is often due to an ankle sprain. An ankle sprain is an injury to the ligaments, which connect bones to one another. In most cases, the ankle is twisted inward, causing small tears in the ligaments. The tearing leads to swelling and bruising, making it difficult to bear weight on the joint. In addition to ankle sprains, ankle pain can be caused by: Damage or swelling of tendons (which join muscles to bone) or cartilage (which cushions joints) Infection in the ankle joint Osteoarthritis , gout , rheumatoid arthritis , Reiter syndrome , and other types of arthritis Problems in areas near the ankle that can cause you to feel pain in the ankle include: Blockage of blood vessels in the leg Heel pain or injuries Nerve injuries (such as tarsal tunnel syndrome or sciatica ) Home Care: To treat an ankle sprain: Rest your ankle for several days.
Appetite - decreased 08/14/2012
Loss of appetite; Decreased appetite; Anorexia Considerations: Any illness can affect a previously hearty appetite. If the illness is treatable, the appetite should return when the condition is cured. Loss of appetite can cause unintentional weight loss . Common Causes: A decreased appetite is almost always seen among elderly adults, and no cause may be found.
Armpit lump 08/14/2012
Lump in the armpit; Localized lymphadenopathy - armpit; Axillary lymphadenopathy; Axillary lymph enlargement; Lymph nodes enlargement - axillary; Axillary abscess Considerations: An armpit lump in a woman should be checked by a health care provider immediately, as it may be a sign of breast cancer. Common Causes: Lumps in the armpit may have many causes. Lymph nodes are filters that can catch germs or cancerous tumor cells.
Babinski reflex 01/22/2013
Reflex - Babinski; Extensor plantar reflex; Babinski sign Common Causes: When the Babinski reflex is present in a child older than 2 years or in an adult, it is often a sign of a brain or nervous system disorder.