An adductor strain, or more commonly known as a groin strain, is a common condition among athletes and active individuals, characterized by tearing of some or all of the adductor muscle group, located at the inner thigh of the leg, or groin area.
The groin muscles are responsible for stabilizing the pelvis and moving the leg inward (adduction). They used most during running (especially when changing direction) and kicking.
A groin strain usually occurs during a sudden contraction of the groin muscles, typically during rapid acceleration while running (particularly when changing direction) or when or when performing a long kick, such as soccer. Groin strains occur more commonly as a person ages and is more common when warm-up is inadequate.
Signs and Symptoms
- Sudden sharp pain or pulling sensation in the inner thigh or groin
- Increase in pain during activities which place load on the groin muscles such as walking, running, twisting, jumping and kicking
- Pain or stiffness after activity
- Pain when stretching the muscle
Patients may also experience swelling, muscle spasm, weakness, tightness, tenderness and bruising in the inner thigh area.
A thorough exam from an orthopedic specialist, sports medicine specialist or other physician can usually diagnose a groin strain. In rare cases, an MRI scan may be used to determine the extent and severity of the injury.
Treatment of a groin strain depends on the severity of the injury, but commonly invovles:
- RICE - Immediately following the injury, apply Rest, Ice, Compression and Elevation
- Gentle stretching exercises (only if stretching does not cause pain)
- Physical therapy/rehabilitation if necessary
- Surgery, if the muscle has torn completely
A physical therapy program can be presribed by your doctor and will include exercises to heal and strengthen the muscle, as well as the muscles surrounding the injury for added support. The physical therapists at GAMC's Therapy & Wellness Center are experienced in rehabilitating hamstring injuries and will able to create a personalized plan tailored to your individuals goals.
For more severe cases, surgery may be necessary. Only your doctor will be able to make that determination.
For a referral to a GAMC orthopedic or sports medicine specialist, call (818) 409-8100. To learn more about the Therapy & Wellness Center, call (323) 255-5409.